今回はone,ones,it,themの違いと使い方を学びました。
これらの単語の使い分け方を理解できていない人は多いみたいで、私も理解できていませんでした。 

なので、今回の授業で習うレッスンの文章に載っていたのをきっかけに、以前から違いと使い方について理解があまり出来ていなかったことを以下の英語を用いてSkype英会話の先生に質問をしました。
Could you teach me how to use words "one","ones","it" and "them"?
Because I can't understand how to use these words enought.
先生からは「one,ones,it,them」のこれらの言葉は「pronoun(代名詞)」で、使い分けは以下になると教えてくれました。

  • one:単数(不特定・同種)
  • ones:複数(不特定・同種)
一度出てきた数えられる名詞で、不特定のもの(同種のもの)を指す時に使う。
 
ex: What shoes did you buy? - I bought this ones.

  • it:単数(特定・同一)
  • them:複数(特定・同一)
一度出てきた数えられる名詞で、特定のもの(同一のもの)を指す時に使う。
 
ex: There are many birds in the sky. - I can see them.
ex: There is a cloud on the sky. - I can see it.

英語は日本語と違って同じ言葉を繰り返すのを嫌う言語です。
なので繰り返す場合は、前で使った言葉(名詞)を上記のルールに則って「one,ones,it,them」を使い分けます。
one,ones,it,them のそれぞれの使い分けが、今一つ理解しきれていなかったので、今回の授業もとても勉強になりました。

  • Skypeのチャットを使っての先生とのやりとり
[0:06:02] Teacher: ones -> pronoun used to replace the noun: shoes
[0:07:02] Teacher: object  pronoun
[0:07:14] Teacher: I like them.
[0:08:33] Teacher: high quality - adjective
[0:09:29] Teacher: IT - subject pronoun
[0:10:00] Teacher: used to replace singular noun
[0:10:07] Teacher: The car is new.
[0:10:13] Teacher: IT is new.
[0:10:54] Teacher: THEY - plural noun
[0:11:13] Teacher: THEM - object pronoun
[0:11:34] Teacher: I like those cars.
[0:11:44] Teacher: I like them.
[0:12:57] Teacher: What do you want for dessert?
[0:13:17] Teacher: I want the one that is popular.
[0:13:49] Teacher: = referring to a person or thing previously mentioned
[0:16:43] Teacher: response to the question
[0:16:51] Teacher: What kind of shoes?
[0:17:12] Teacher: Answer: high quality shoes
[0:20:28] Teacher: ONE - both subject and object
[0:24:43] Teacher: What kind of pet do you like?
[0:24:59] Teacher: I like the one that is playful.
[0:25:40] Teacher: no gender - neutral noun
[0:25:52] Teacher: neither male nor female
[0:26:24] Teacher: What kind of boss/ leader do you like?
[0:26:50] Teacher: I like the one who is responsible.
[0:27:39] Teacher: = referring to a person or thing previously mentioned
[0:28:49] Teacher: non-living things
[0:28:55] Teacher: shoes, food
[0:30:10] Teacher: toys
[0:30:12] Teacher: car
[0:30:19] Teacher: objects
[0:31:44] Teacher: objects are not growing, not living
[0:34:26] Teacher: object means a thing
[0:34:31] Teacher: object of a verb
[0:35:59] Teacher: one = people and things
[0:36:44] Teacher: she/ he = singular pronoun
[0:37:07] Teacher: it = singular (for object/things)
[0:37:49] Teacher: THEM = plural
[0:38:00] Teacher: Where will you meet your family?
[0:38:10] Teacher: I will meet them at the airport.
[0:38:52] Teacher: Where are your things?
[0:39:00] Teacher: I kept them in my drawer.
[0:39:49] Teacher: object of the verb: MEET
[0:39:55] Teacher: object of the verb: KEPT
[0:44:49] Teacher: THEM is the object of the verb: SEE
[0:45:47] Teacher: = leather shoes imported from Italy 

  • 今日の授業時間
    2コマ
    24:00-24:30
    24:30-25:00
  • 受けた先生の国
    フィリピン
  • 今日の事業内容
    教科書


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